1. Based on the sources under consideration, do you believe that industrialization should be considered a great benefit, a mixed blessing, or a disaster for 19th Century Europeans?
2. In retrospect, what policies might governments have adopted to minimize the pains of industrialization? What factors acted against the adoption of such policies?
3. In a debate over how industrialization should be evaluated, what would be the arguments of middle-class liberals? Of industrial workers? Explain.