Your initial discussion thread is due on Day 3 (Thursday) and you have until Day 7 (Monday) to respond to your classmates. Your grade will reflect both the quality of your initial post and the depth of your responses. Refer to the Discussion Forum Grading Rubric under the Settings icon above for guidance on how your discussion will be evaluated.
|Actus Reus and Mens Rea [WLO: 1] [CLOs: 2]|
Prior to beginning work on this discussion, read A Statutory Approach to Criminal Law (Links to an external site.) and Chapter 4: The Elements of a Crime (Links to an external site.). Additionally, watch Components of a Statute (Links to an external site.).
Understanding the elements of a crime, particularly the distinctions between guilty mind and guilty act, are essential components for all criminal justice professionals to comprehend. Take the time this week to understand these concepts fully, and be prepared to use the information gained to analyze all criminal law questions throughout this course and in your professional career. It is natural to assume that either a mental state or criminal act can be easily proven; however, the old expression that â€œthe devil is in the detailsâ€ truly applies to these foundational, legal concepts. Always remember that the state must prove all elements of a criminal charge beyond a reasonable doubt, and that burden of proof rests solely on the state. Your initial post must be at least 300 words in length. Support your responses with credible sourcing, either from the required readings this week, or from independent research that you conduct in the Ashford University Library or online, and properly cite any references.
Please answer the following questions below:
- Distinguish between the terms actus reus and mens rea. How are they significant in criminal law?
- To what standard of law must the defendantâ€™s mens rea be proven in order to gain a criminal conviction? Must the state prove â€œwhat the defendant was thinking at the time of the crimeâ€ in order to prove mens rea? Why or why not?
- To what standard of law must each element of the actus reus be proven, and why?
- Which of the two legal requirements listed above (i.e., actus reus and mens rea) is more difficult to prove beyond a reasonable doubt in a trial, and why?
Guided Response: Review several of your classmatesâ€™ posts. Respond to at least two of your classmatesâ€™ posts by Day 7. Respond in a substantive manner and ensure that you and your classmates fully comprehend the difficulties of proving someoneâ€™s intent and coordinating the act and the intent to create a prosecutable, criminal offense. Your responses must be at least 150 words of content and supported by a minimum of two scholarly and/or credible sources (i.e., classroom materials or reliable, outside sources). You are encouraged to post your required replies earlier in the week to promote more meaningful and interactive discourse in this discussion forum. Continue to monitor the discussion forum until 5:00 p.m. (Mountain Time) on Day 7, and respond with robust dialogue to anyone who replies to your initial post.